Differences between fixed and adjustable loans

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With a fixed-rate loan, your monthly payment doesn't change for the entire duration of the mortgage. The longer you pay, the more of your payment goes toward principal. Your property taxes increase, or rarely, decrease, and your insurance rates might vary as well. For the most part payment amounts for your fixed-rate loan will increase very little.

At the beginning of a a fixed-rate mortgage loan, most of your payment is applied to interest. That gradually reverses as the loan ages.

Borrowers can choose a fixed-rate loan to lock in a low rate. Borrowers choose these types of loans when interest rates are low and they wish to lock in this lower rate. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, refinancing with a fixed-rate loan can provide greater monthly payment stability. If you currently have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM), we can help you lock in a fixed-rate at the best rate currently available. Call City View Group at 7028359202 for details.

Adjustable Rate Mortgages — ARMs, come in even more varieties. Generally, interest rates on ARMs are based on a federal index. Some examples of outside indexes are: the 6-month Certificate of Deposit (CD) rate, the one-year Treasury Security rate, the Federal Home Loan Bank's 11th District Cost of Funds Index (COFI), or others.

Most ARMs feature this cap, which means they won't go up over a specified amount in a given period. Your ARM may feature a cap on interest rate variances over the course of a year. For example: no more than a couple percent per year, even if the index the rate is based on goes up by more than two percent. Your loan may have a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest directly, caps the amount the payment can increase in one period. Most ARMs also cap your rate over the life of the loan period.

ARMs usually start at a very low rate that usually increases over time. You may have heard about "3/1 ARMs" or "5/1 ARMs". For these loans, the introductory rate is fixed for three or five years. It then adjusts every year. These types of loans are fixed for a number of years (3 or 5), then adjust after the initial period. Loans like this are usually best for borrowers who anticipate moving within three or five years. These types of adjustable rate programs most benefit borrowers who plan to move before the loan adjusts.

Most people who choose ARMs choose them because they want to get lower introductory rates and do not plan to stay in the home longer than the introductory low-rate period. ARMs can be risky in a down market because homeowners can get stuck with increasing rates if they can't sell or refinance with a lower property value.

Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at 7028359202. We answer questions about different types of loans every day.

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